Note: I need a peer reply dor this discussion post There are many barriers erec

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Note: I need a peer reply dor this discussion post
There are many barriers erected by cultural differences, especially between nurses and their patients: Could you explain an example of these barriers created by cultural differences?
Given the incidence of the cultural diversity of human groups from the perspective of cultural competence and the current social dynamics of clinical nursing practice, nursing care becomes a permanent challenge, since it must consider the values, beliefs, and practices of individuals in their care, as well as showing respect for the difference when providing such care. Cultural knowledge for Nursing implies providing cultural care, where the professional must-have skills that facilitate cultural competence in the same. It implies acceptance and respect for cultural differences; sensitivity to understanding how these differences influence nurse-patient relationships and the ability to seek strategies that improve cultural encounters according to the needs expressed by the patient.
Examples of barriers
– Language: Not speaking the same language, can cause innumerable misunderstandings and is considered the most crucial barrier in cross-cultural communication.
– Stereotypes and prejudices: Stereotypes are mostly negative images or preconceived notions about a specific community, group, or culture. The basis of stereotyping can be many things, though the most common are nationality, gender, race, religion, or age.
– Signs and symbols: Non-verbal communication like signs and symbols, differ from culture to culture and can consequently not be relied upon in communication. For example, the “thumbs up”, known in the Western world as a sign of approval, is seen as an insult in Bangladesh.
– Behaviors and beliefs: Cultural differences cause behavioral and personality differences like body language, gestures, mindsets, communication, manners, and norms, which may lead to miscommunication. Eye contact, for example, is very important in some cultures, but disrespectful in others.
– “Us” versus “them” (ethnocentrism): From an evolutionary standpoint, belonging to a group made you stronger and more likely to survive in a hostile world. Strangers or other groups were “the enemy”, competing for food, safety, and territory.
Becoming aware of and accepting cultural differences and own values is an exercise that requires commitment from the nurse, since it means fleeing from stereotypes and overcoming prejudices in order to establish an effective relationship, based on respect for what is not one’s own and awareness of cultural. The person who migrates, be it the nurse or the people they will care for, must adapt to the country of destination and its social, economic, and cultural context, but this is not always an easy step to assimilate and accept, since cultural beliefs go with the person and at some point, a cultural encounter will occur, which may or may not produce a clash. The introduction of the cultural mediator and meeting spaces should be encouraged to establish networking and encourage multidisciplinary teamwork and thus optimizing the available resources and always putting them in favor of the people served. However, the main measure is to train, know, understand and respect the beliefs of each culture and put all the work and effort into starting the path of intercultural training to become competent nurses in today’s society. That is why it is necessary to know the conditioning factors of the patient, contextualize them in their own culture, and understand them from their perspective of understanding what health and disease are for these individuals in order to optimize the person-to-person relationship with them.
References
Newman, P. (2020, January 22). Cultural barriers and how to overcome them in your global company as a global leader. Eurac – European Academy for Executive Education. Retrieved May 19, 2022, from https://eurac.com/cultural-barriers-and-how-to-overcome-them-in-your-global-company-as-a-global-leader/
Rubio Martin, S. R. M. (2020). Cultural Diversity in Health, Competence of Transcultural Nursing. Enfermería En Cardiología JULIO 2020 N° 80 Volumen 30, 6–10. https://www.enfermeria21.com/revistas/cardiologia/articulo/573/diversidad-cultural-en-salud-competencia-de-la-enfermeria-transcultural/

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