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Read pp. 574-578 in Curd, Cover & Pincock – Chalmers’ critique of Subjective Bayesianism. On page 575, Chalmers says: “…it follows that any disagreements in science, between proponents of rival research programs, paradigms or whatever, reflected in the (posterior) beliefs of scientists, must have their source in the prior probabilities held by the scientists…” A little later, he says, “An extreme, and telling, example is provided by Peter Galison’s (1997) account of the nature of the work in current fundamental particle physics…”
Explain the two criticisms of Bayesianism that Chalmers is referring to with these two comments. Why do these criticisms of “prior probabilities” make the Bayesian enterprise very troublesome? Write a 2-3 page essay in which you answer these questions. If you want, you can add your own opinion about the usefulness of Bayesian methods.