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Conduct an interview of a client who is taking multiple medications (polypharmacy). You must prepare the client before the interview by explaining why you are conducting the interview. You can say “my assignment is to find out about the medications you are taking so I can determine if you need more information about what you are taking”. You must always get permission from the client to conduct the interview and you must tell the client how the information will be used. You can say, “I will not be using your name in the information I share and I will be submitting it to my instructor only for this student assignment”. If there is important information that needs to be communicated to you, your doctor, family, or nurse, my instructor will assist me in following up on this”. Tell the client you will take no more than 30-45 minutes for the interview.
Use the following interview question guidelines when conducting the interview. Be aware that the client may not be able to answer each of the questions with detailed information. Collect as much information as the client is able and willing to give you. Remember you are the interviewer so you will be collecting information and not making any comments about the information shared by the client except to ask for further clarification if you are not sure what was said or need more detail if it is available.
What medications are you taking?
Before the interview research each of the medications. In your paper include the reason for each medication, the drug classification, the route of administration, the dose, and possible side effects/adverse reactions.
For the following questions, paraphrase the client’s answers for your written paper.
How long have you taken each these medications?
Do you know why you are taking these medications?
Who told you about the medications and why you need to take them? Were you able to ask any questions about the medications and if so were they answered so you understood what was said?
How do you feel about taking these medications?
Are you taking other medication purchased “over the counter” such as in a drug store? If so, what is it and why are you taking it.
How and when do you take your medications?
Do you have any difficulty taking the medications? If so, what happens and how do you deal with any difficulties.
Have you ever felt any uncomfortable feelings and/or body reactions to taking these medications? If so, what were they and how were they handled?
If you had the above reaction, did they take you off the medication and/or replace it with another medication? Were you told why this happened?
Do you have any reason not to take the medications?
Have you ever not taken the medication? If so, what was the reason?
Ask a final question about whether the client would like to tell you anything further about their medications.
Write a paper describing your research and findings about the medications being taken and the results of the interview. Report your findings in a 3-5 page written paper. In your paper include the reason for each medication, the drug classification, the route of administration, the dose, and possible side effects/adverse reactions.
Use accurate and appropriate spelling and grammar and APA Editorial Format for sources used in your written paper.
Develop a teaching plan for this client based on your findings. Based on the findings from the interview, develop a 2-3 page teaching plan to include the following:
List one goal for this teaching plan
Describe two to three teaching resources that might be used
Identify two teaching strategies that can be used based on the client interviewed
List specific client instructions regarding the medications and what adverse reactions they should be aware of/and what to do
Identify at least one factor that may negatively influence adherence to the medications and how it can be overcome
If, appropriate, describe how the family might be involved in ensuring the client is on a proper and safe medication regime