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This assignment builds upon the Module 4 Dropbox: Identification, Research, Analysis assignment you submitted previously. Be sure to review the feedback you received from that assignment, and make any necessary revisions BEFORE moving forward with this assignment.
Focusing on the same case as before, you will now complete the fourth step of the critical thinking process: 4) Application. You will apply a Consequential Ethical Theory – Act Utilitarianism – to resolve the main ethical/moral issue.
Again, review the case in the Ethics textbook Chapter 25: Case 2 – Everyone Loves Free Samples
Follow the Sample Format: Application – Act Utilitarianism, and submit to this Dropbox using MLA formatting.
Apply Act Utilitarianism, as follows:
Discussion (150 words minimum)
Paragraph – Summarize Act Utilitarianism. Include descriptions of the key terms/concepts: Utility, Net Utility, and Happiness. Use your own words. Do not use quotations. Paraphrase the information, and provide in-text citation(s) with the page number(s), where appropriate. In the Works Cited, be sure to cite your source(s).
Identification (one sentence in bold print)
Restate the main ethical/moral issue you previously identified in Module 4.
Analysis/Application – Act Utilitarianism (chart)
Use the correct main moral issue from module 4. “What should ______ do about _____?” If your instructor corrected your answer, use the corrected answer.
Use the same analysis chart you completed previously in Module 4 (following my feedback in Module 4 and, what you have learned from the Module 4 discussion board to make necessary changes). Include four options, four stakeholders, and possible consequences.
In the chart, enter the happiness number for each consequence. Do not use 10s or -10s unless it is the most extreme outcome. Death would be an example of -10. If someone gets fired, for example, that is bad but he/she is not dead – so it would not be a -10.
Provide the happiness scale you used.
Add a row to the bottom of the chart, and add up the numbers for each option to indicate the total Net Utility for each option. Remember, if a stakeholder is more than one person (e.g., group, team, family, citizens, business) estimate how many are in the group, and multiply the happiness number by the number of persons in the group. If a stakeholder is one person, multiplication is not needed.
Conclusion paragraph (150 words minimum)
State the “best” option, and explain how a true Act Utilitarian would come to this conclusion. Include the Net Utility number, and explain how you determined the number. Be impartial. Avoid any bias; do not express your own personal opinion; do not use the words, “I think” or “I feel.”